Cookies are parcels of information that user-visited sites send to their terminals (usually the browser), where they are stored to be retransmitted to the same sites when the same user visits again. While browsing on a site, users can also receive cookies on his terminal from sites or web servers (‘third parties’) that may include a number of elements (such as images, Maps, sounds, specific links to pages of other domains) that are found on the site that users are visiting.
Cookies, of which a large amount are commonly found in user browsers, sometimes persistently over time, are used for different purposes: running computer authentication, session monitoring, storing information on specific configurations for users accessing servers, etc.
In this regard, and in order to distinguish them based on the technical characteristics that differentiate them from each other on the basis of the purposes pursued by those who use them, two macro-categories are identified:
A further difference is based on whether the cookie installation is made directly from the site that the user is
Visiting (‘First Party’) or a different site that installs cookies through the first one (so-called ‘Third Parties’).
Technical cookies are only used to ‘transmit a communication on an electronic communications network, or to the extent that is strictly necessary for the information society service provider explicitly required by the subscriber or user to provide such service’ (see Article 122 (1) of the Code).
They are not used for further purposes and are normally installed directly by the owner or web site manager.
They are divided into:
This site only uses first-party cookies.